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Falls Prevention with Exercise Physiology

Falls prevention refers to a set of strategies and interventions aimed at reducing the risk of falls, particularly among older adults. Falls prevention programs typically involve a combination of measures designed to address both intrinsic risk factors and extrinsic risk factors.

Exercise plays a crucial role in falls prevention, especially among older adults.

  • Strength and Balance Training: Exercises that focus on improving strength and balance are essential. Strengthening exercises help maintain muscle mass and improve stability, while balance exercises enhance proprioception and coordination, reducing the risk of falls.
  • Flexibility Exercises: Stretching and flexibility exercises help maintain joint range of motion, which can prevent stiffness and improve mobility, reducing the likelihood of falls.
  • Walking and Gait Training: Walking regularly and practicing proper gait mechanics can improve stability and reduce the risk of tripping or stumbling.
  • Functional Exercises: Incorporating functional movements into exercise routines helps improve the ability to perform daily activities safely, reducing the risk of falls during tasks like reaching, bending, or getting up from a chair.
  • Regular Physical Activity: Encouraging regular physical activity, such as walking, swimming, or cycling, promotes overall health and fitness, reducing the risk factors associated with falls, such as obesity, osteoporosis, and cardiovascular disease.
  • Environmental Modification: Alongside exercise, ensuring a safe home environment by removing tripping hazards, installing grab bars, and improving lighting can further reduce the risk of falls.

Exercise serves as a multifaceted approach to falls prevention by implementing a comprehensive falls prevention program that addresses various physical and cognitive factors that contribute to falls. It not only strengthens the body but also enhances overall well-being, thereby reducing the risk of falls and promoting independence and quality of life.

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About the Author

Picture of Niki Holding

Niki Holding

Niki Holding is an Accredited Exercise Physiologist with an impressive array of qualifications under her belt, including a Masters of Clinical Exercise Physiology, Bachelor of Exercise & Sports Science to name a few. What sets Niki apart as an Exercise Physiologist is her unwavering dedication to helping people find their exercise motivation and achieve their health goals. On top of this, Niki also has an incredible amount of experience in first aid and as a sports trainer. Niki currently works with St John Ambulance and the Western Bulldogs with the AFLW/VFLW teams But Niki is more than just a fitness guru. She is also an avid traveler and has hiked to Mt Everest Base Camp, volunteered in Mozambique, taught first aid in rural areas of Tanzania, and conquered Mt Kilimanjaro.
Picture of Niki Holding

Niki Holding

Niki Holding is an Accredited Exercise Physiologist with an impressive array of qualifications under her belt, including a Masters of Clinical Exercise Physiology, Bachelor of Exercise & Sports Science to name a few. What sets Niki apart as an Exercise Physiologist is her unwavering dedication to helping people find their exercise motivation and achieve their health goals. On top of this, Niki also has an incredible amount of experience in first aid and as a sports trainer. Niki currently works with St John Ambulance and the Western Bulldogs with the AFLW/VFLW teams But Niki is more than just a fitness guru. She is also an avid traveler and has hiked to Mt Everest Base Camp, volunteered in Mozambique, taught first aid in rural areas of Tanzania, and conquered Mt Kilimanjaro.

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